I've ditched Disqus as the comment system on this blog. I am now using Utterances. Utterances is an open source comment system that is backed by GitHub issues. Basically, every post has a corresponding issue opened on GitHub, and the comments on the post are the comments on the issue. Utterances automatically places the comments at the bottom of the post. For example, here is the issue corresponding to this post.

I didn't like Disqus mostly because it serves ads and tracking. Even though I had opted out from as much of it as I could in the Disqus settings, it still loads tracking scripts on every page. I run uBlock Origin always, and it's a bit hypocritical if my own side has things that are blocked by it. In some cases I can't avoid it (as far as I know), like when I embed a YouTube video, but it definitely shouldn't be on every post.

Utterances is a very nice alternative. I has lots of advantages:

• Comments are not self-hosted. GitHub hosts them. Since you need a GitHub account to comment, this should make comment spam a non-issue.
• Users can edit their comments.
• I can edit and fully moderate all comments.
• Users log in with a federated system that proves their identity.
• Email subscription to posts.
• It's completely open source and free to use.

If you use Nikola like I do, it natively supports Utterances (a feature which I added). Otherwise, go to the Utterances and paste the script tag generated at the bottom into your blog template. Then install the Utterances app in your repo, and you are done.

Some of my old posts had Disqus comments, which I wanted to preserve somehow. Here is guide on how I did that, since it wasn't as straightforward as I would have hoped.

The first step is to export your Disqus comments. It's very difficult to actually find the place in the Disqus site where you do this, but I finally found the URL. The export takes some time to complete (for me it took about half an hour). When it finished, Disqus will email you an XML file with all your comments. Note that the file contains all comments for all sites you have ever set up with Disqus. For me, it also included all the comments on my old Wordpress blog, as well as posts for draft blog posts that I never ended up publishing. It also contained all comments that were marked as spam, so you will need to remember to filter those.

I decided that since I only have a handful of posts with Disqus comments, I would just write a script to process them all and manually print them out, which I will then manually enter in to the Utterances comment system for those posts.

I wrote a script to process the comments, which you can find here. Disqus does provides an XML schema for the XML. I used a library called xsData, which lets you take an XML scheme and generate Python dataclasses corresponding to it, which make manipulating the parsed XML much easier than the standard library xml library. The script outputs text like

========== Comments from https://asmeurer.github.io/blog/posts/what-happens-when-you-mess-with-hashing-in-python/ ==========

These are the original comments on this post that were made when this blog used the [Disqus blog system](https://www.asmeurer.com/blog/posts/switching-to-utterances-comments/).

>**Comment from bjd2385 on 2016-08-28 12:33:12+00:00:**

><p>Very interesting post. I was just looking into hash functions (I've never formally learned what the topic entails), and since I'm most familiar with Python this post explained quite a bit, especially your early mathematical points.</p>

>**Comment from Mark Lawrence on 2016-10-03 20:26:54+00:00:**

><p>At what point does Python 3 force the override of __hash__ if you've defined __eq__?  E.g when would your</p><p>AlwaysEqual class fail?</p>

>**Replies:**

>>**Comment from asmeurer on 2016-10-03 20:38:13+00:00:**

>><p>That's a good catch. I originally wrote this post in Python 2. The example does indeed fail in Python 3. More specifically, if you override __eq__, Python 3 automatically sets __hash__ to None. I'll update the post to make this more clear.</p>

>**Comment from Erick Mendonça on 2017-07-30 03:23:55+00:00:**

><p>Great article! We must really pay attention to these details when implementing custom hashes.</p>

>**Comment from Ignacio on 2017-10-07 22:31:56+00:00:**

><p>Thanks a lot for this post! Clarified a lot of concepts.</p>


which I then manually copied to each post's Utterances page on GitHub.

Feel free to adapt my script if you find yourself in a similar situation.